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Упражнения на модальные глаголы. Modal verbs exercises

Сегодняшний урок посвящен отработке модальных глаголов. Данные упражнения на модальные глаголы не единственные на сайте. Вы можете также обратить внимания на следующие упражнения:

Данный материал составлен Затонской А.С. и входит в цикл уроков для уровня Upper-Intermediate и Advanced.

Материал основан на лексике по теме Meals.

Упражнения на модальные глаголы.

Grammar : Modal Verbs

Lexical topic: Meals

Exercise 1. Choose the modal verb which, from your point of view, suits the situation better. Remember – your choice is of vital importance – how many troubles happen because of misunderstanding!

  1. The cake (must, can, is) be almost ready now. – Are you sure? – Yes, practically.
  2. You (must, have to, should) put sausage, cucumber, onion, potatoes, eggs and sour cream to make the Russian salad tasty.
  3. (can, may, should) you have failed to put sugar and vinegar in the biscuit again? How (can, are able to, may) you be so careless?
  4. You (may, can, have to) take the fork, knife and plate. I don’t need it any more.
  5. The beefsteak (can’t, mustn’t, shouldn’t) be so raw and untasty. I’ve cooked it properly!
  6. (Should, shall, ought to) I buy a loaf of bread or some curds?
  7. No, you (can’t, mustn’t, shouldn’t) eat ice-cream in the street in winter.
  8. (shall, may, can) it be that the pork was spoiled?
  9. (could, must, will) you show me how to slice the cabbage and carrots for this soup.
  10. You (could, might, have to) have cooked lunch before our arrival.
  11. You’ve overfried the potatoes. You (should, could, might) be more accurate about cooking.
  12. Don’t put too much salt in the dough. We (can, may, might) spoil everything.
  13. (can, may, should) it be that the child has eaten so much candies?
  14. Don’t you know that one (can’t, mustn’t, needn’t) eat milk and cucumbers?

Exercise 2. A. Complete the sentences.

1.You should have … . 2. … have baked it properly. 3. Could you … ? 4. … be putting apricots and apples in the cake now. 5. … have treated him with another portion of mashed potatoes and pork. He may be offended. 6. You can … 7. … have laid the table before our arrival. 8. You might … 9. Shall I … ? 10. … that she’s still peeling potatoes? 11. … drink such hot tea – it’s harmful for your stomach! 12. … keep to a diet, you’ve promised! 13. You can’t … . 14. Can it be that … ? 15. … have failed to fry potatoes? This is so simple! 16. … ? – No, you may not. … keep to a diet! 17. Not to die … eat and drink. 18. … have helped me! Now I have to do all the cooking by myself! 19.What’s wrong? – The child has taken a knife. – How awful! He … hurt himself! – Well, luckily it hasn’t happened. 20. Where’s Ann? — I don’t know. She … now. – Oh, no. She … now. – Are you sure? – Practically. 21. How careless you are! You might … . 22. Why did you have to … ? 23. You are to … . – Why? – It is written in the recipe-book. 24. You … . – Yes, I’m sorry I’ve done it. 25. What shall I do now? – You should … . 26. It would … . – Oh, yes, I stick to this idea!

B) Invent short dialogues using these sentences.

Exercise 3. Transform the sentences into the sentences with modal verbs.

1.It’s unlikely that both the turkey and the tart will be cooked by supper. I suggest us having dinner in a cafe. 2. I’m not quite sure, but he probably has already bought macaroni and mutton. 3. You probably noticed that the meat must be sliced before stewing. 4. Why did you put so much pepper and onion in the soup? It was quite unnecessary! 5. I’m practically sure that if you add cabbage and carrot to the stewed meat it will become tastier. 6. Have you already eaten the whole tart? It is unbelievable! 7. Perhaps they have already come back from the market. Maybe they have bought strawberry, lemons, tangerines, apples and plums – that is, everything we’ll use for the fruit salad. 8. Don’t forget that it is your duty to lay the table and to wash up. 9.I want to give you good advice – go to the market if you really want to buy tasty and ripe fruits and vegetables.10. According to our time-table you will have breakfast at 9.00, dinner at 14.00, and supper at 19.30. Remember it, please. 11. I’m very disappointed in you – I thought you would cook the food and choose the crockery for the anniversary dinner beforehand. 12. No, I don’t give you the permission to drink wine. You’re too young for that. Besides, you take an exam tomorrow.

Exercise 4. A. You are in an English restaurant where you are invited to take part in a funny competition – Who knows more jokes and anecdotes about meals, restaurants, waiters, and so on. You are strongly willing to win, but to take part in the competition you should first translate all that into English.

1. Владелец ресторана обращается к официанткам: «Сегодня вы должны быть особенно вежливы?» — «Почему? К нам должен прийти важный гость?» — «Нет, но у нас сегодня мясо более жесткое, чем обычно». 2. «Я никак не могу тебя понять»- говорит сердито жена своему мужу. «В понедельник ты ел котлеты, они тебе нравились, во вторник – нравились. В среду – нравились, а в четверг ты заявляешь, что ни в какую к ним не притронешься! Мог бы быть более последовательным в своих вкусах!» 3. Плотно пообедав, посетитель ресторана сообщает хозяину, что он забыл дома бумажник. «Не нужно беспокоиться, сэр, за меня может поручиться мой друг, мистер Смит». – «Не знаю я никакого Смита!» — «Придется вас познакомить!» 4. «Вы не могли бы принести мне один бифштекс?» – «С каким гарниром?» – «Просто ваш бифштекс. Мне нужно подложить его под ножку стола, чтобы он не качался!» 5. «Похоже, она все-таки научилась готовить: ее третий муж выжил». 6. В ресторане. «Порция, которую мне дали сегодня, должно быть, в два раза меньше, чем та, которую мне дали вчера.» – «Может быть дело в столике, за которым вы сидели?» – «Я сидел у окна». – «Действительно, посетителям за теми столиками нам приходится давать порции в два раза больше – это реклама!» 7. «Официант, из чего сделан этот бульон? Не может быть, чтобы в нем варился цыпленок!» – «Цыпленок, сэр, но в самом раннем детстве!» 8. Во время обеда мать говорит дочери: «мясо, должно быть, не доварилось». – «Не может быть. Я готовила его точно по рецепту: 1кило нужно варить час, а я купила полкило и варила его полчаса!» 9. На пикнике: «Да нет, трава не сырая. Просто ты, наверное, села на картофельный салат!» 10. Компьютер спросили: «Все ли грибы может есть человек?» –«Все, но некоторые один раз». 11. Посетитель в ресторане несколько раз пытается получить от официанта стакан воды. Наконец, отчаявшись, он спрашивает другого посетителя: «Как вы думаете, что я должен сделать, чтобы мне все-таки принесли воды?» – «Может быть, попробуете себя поджечь?» 12. «Не могли бы вы мне сказать, официант, как часто у вас меняют скатерти?» – «К сожалению, не могу – я работаю здесь всего лишь два месяца».

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B) Invent similar situations.

Ex. 5. Write a recipe for:

  1. a little child
  2. a person who has got indigestion
  3. a gourmand
  4. a woman who wants to lose weight

Remember that if you give advice you should use the modal verb “should” and if you want to show that the prohibition is strong you should use the modal verb “must”

Exercise 6. You bump into an acquaintance of yours whom you know as an extreme heavy-eater. He has just come from a restaurant and wants to share his “menu” with you. Of course, you are surprised by his ability to eat so much, you even doubt it! Express it.

Exercise 7. Even if you are not a heavy-eater I am sure that each of you has your favorite meal. So exchange your favorite recipes and extend each other’s “cuisine”. Don’t forget that you give each other good advice.

Exercise 8. You are going to have a wonderful evening – you and your friend have decided to have a little feast. You are responsible for the spiritual aspect of the party, while your friend has unexpectedly expressed a wish to try herself as a cook. You return, and what do you see? Some outrageous ruins instead of food! After several minutes of investigation, you understand that this is entirely your friend’s fault – she has wasted the products and spoiled your evening. You are so disappointed that you can’t but reprimand her. For example, you say that you could have had a wonderful evening, but …

Exercise 9. Write a recipe-book. Remember that you should use different modal verbs to express different shades of meaning. For example, if you speak about how traditional dishes should be served the modal verbs “should” “ought to” will be in place; if you speak about the technology of food cooking you should use the modal verbs expressing advice or rule, and so on.

Ответы к упражнениям.

Ex. 1. 1 must, 2 should, 3 may / can, 4 may, 5 can’t, 6 shall, 7 shouldn’t, 8 can, 9 could, 10 could, 11 should, 12 can, 13 can, 14 mustn’t

Ex. 2. Your own answers.

Ex. 3. Possible answers.

1. The turkey and the tart won’t be cooked by supper. I suggest us having dinner in a cafe. 2. He might have already bought macaroni and mutton. 3. You may have noticed that the meat must be sliced before stewing. 4. You needn’t have put so much pepper and onion in the soup. 5. Cabbage and carrot must make the stewed meat tastier. 6. You can’t have eaten the whole tart! 7. They could have already come back from the market. They may have bought strawberry, lemons, tangerines, apples and plums – that is, everything we’ll use for the fruit salad. 8. Don’t forget that you must lay the table and wash up. 9. You should go to the market if you really want to buy tasty and ripe fruits and vegetables. 10. According to our time-table you are to have breakfast at 9.00, dinner at 14.00, and supper at 19.30. Remember it, please. 11. I’m very disappointed in you – you should have cooked the food and choose the crockery for the anniversary dinner beforehand. 12. No, you may not drink wine. You’re too young for that. Besides, you take an exam tomorrow.

Ex. 3. Possible translation.

  1. The owner of the restaurant tells the waitresses: «Today you have to be especially polite» — «Why? Is an important guest coming? » «No, but today our meat is tougher than usual.»
  2. «I just can’t understand you,» said the angry wife to her husband. «On Monday you ate cutlets, you liked them, on Tuesday you liked them, on Thursday you liked them, and on Thursday you say that you won’t even touch them! You should be more consistent!»
  3. Having had a hearty meal, the restaurant visitor tells the owner that he has forgotten his wallet at home. “No need to worry, sir, my friend, Mr. Smith can vouch for me”. – «I don’t know any Mr. Smith!» — «So I have to introduce him to you.»
  4. «Could you bring me a steak?» – «What kind of garnish?» – «Just your steak. I need to sneak it under the table leg so that it stops swaying!»
  5. She must have learned to cook: her third husband survived.
  6. At the restaurant. «The portion that I was given today must be twice less than the one you gave me yesterday.» – «It may be because of the table. Where were you sitting yesterday?» «I was sitting by the window». – «Indeed, we have to give visitors at those tables bigger portions – it is advertising!»
  7. «Waiter, what is this broth made of? Chicken can’t have been boiled in it!» – « It was chicken, sir, but in early childhood!»
  8. During the dinner, the mother tells her daughter: «The meat must be underdone». – «This can’t be true. I cooked it exactly according to the recipe: You need to cook 1 kilo for an hour, I bought half a kilo and cooked it for half an hour!»
  9. At the picnic: «No, the grass is not wet. You can have sat down on the potato salad!»
  10. The computer was asked, «Can people eat all kinds of mushrooms?» «Yes, they can, but some kinds only once».
  11. A visitor in the restaurant is trying to get a glass of water from the waiter. Finally, in desperation, he asks another visitor: «How do you think what should I do to get some water?» – «You may set yourself on fire?»
  12. « Waiter, could you please tell me, how often do you change the tablecloths?» – «Sorry, I can’t – I’ve been working here for only two months»
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Упражнения на модальные глаголы в английском языке для 6 – 9 классов

На сайте уже есть подборка сложных упражнений на модальные глаголы, сегодня я хочу предложить вам несколько упражнений более простого уровня. Эти упражнения я использую для 6 — 9 классов в качестве повторения и отработки нового материала. Все упражнения на модальные глаголы даются с ответами.

Модальные глаголы: упражнения 6 класс

Упражнение 1. Вставьте подходящий модальный глагол (can / may)

  1. ______ you see anything in this dark room?
  2. ______ I borrow your rubber, please? Yes, of course you ______.
  3. Kate______ speak English.
  4. Mike has got many books so he______ read them.
  5. ______ I borrow your pen?
  6. Only a person who knows the language very well ______ answer such a question.
  7. Most children______ slide on the ice very well.
  8. You ______find any kind of information on the Internet.
  9. British Parliament ______issue laws and form the budget.
  10. ______ I try on this coat?
  11. You ______not talk loudly in libraries.
  12. He ______read and write in English.

Упражнение 2. Complete the sentences with the correct modal verb. Use must, mustn’t, or don’t have to.

I _________________ (1) go to school from Monday to Friday. We ___________________ (2) wear a uniform, so I normally wear sports clothes. We ___________________ (3) arrive late, and we ___________________ (4) go to every class. In class, we __________________ (5) shout, play or sing. We _____________________ (6) have lunch at school, so I sometimes go home. When school finishes, I ___________________ (7) look after my little sister. When my parents come home I ______________________ (8) stay in, so I usually go out with my friends. When I get home, I __________________ (9) do my homework. I ____________________ (10) go to bed late, except on Fridays, when I _________________ (11) go to bed before midnight.

Упражнение 3. Вставьте подходящий модальный глагол (mustn’t / needn’t)

  1. Shall I turn on the light? — No, you ______. It is still light in the room.
  2. You______ make your bed. I’ll do it for you.
  3. You ______buy mineral water, we have plenty.
  4. We______ stay up late.
  5. You______ take an umbrella today. The sun is shining.
  6. It’s prohibited to go into that building. You______ go in.
  7. The meeting is very important. We______ be late.
  8. I______ forget my keys or I won’t get in.
  9. You______ bring sandwiches. We can stop at a cafe.
  10. Pupils______ smoke.
  11. In this school pupils ______wear school uniform. They can wear jeans and T-shirts.

Упражнение 4. Вставьте подходящий модальный глагол (must / can / need)

  1. Sonia ______ practise so much if she wants to take part in the marathon.
  2. If you want to improve your English, you ______work very hard.
  3. You ______not come to help them tomorrow: the work is done.
  4. You ______not change the whole text as the beginning is all right.
  5. John ______not tell us the rules of the game: we know them.
  6. We ______not afford to pay the bill.
  7. It is already six o’clock. We ______hurry if we don’t want to be late.
  8. She ______decorate a room nicely.
  9. You ______take care of your parents.
  10. We ______stay with my brother when we are in Paris.

Модальные глаголы: упражнения 7 класс

Упражнение 5. Подчеркните правильный вариант употребления модального глагола.

  1. You must /should /shouldn’t be 18 before you can drive in Spain.
  2. You don’t have to / mustn’t / shouldn’t go to bed so late. It’s not good for you.
  3. You don’t have to / mustn’t / shouldn’t wear a school uniform in most Spanish state schools.
  4. You must / mustn’t / needn’t come. I can do it without you.
  5. You don’t have to /must / mustn’t copy during exams.
  6. You don’t have to /mustn’t / shouldn’t be very tall to play football.
  7. You must /mustn’t / needn’t be a good writer to win the Pulitzer Prize.

Упражнение 6. Вставьте подходящий модальный глагол (must / may / can)

  1. You ______not smoke here.
  2. ______you hear that strange noise?
  3. He______come today or tomorrow.
  4. My little brother______ count to ten.
  5. This incident ______have serious consequences.
  6. You ______have a valid permit to enter.

Упражнение 7. Вставьте подходящий модальный глагол (must / may)

  1. I’m not sure but perhaps Roberto ______ leave for Australia soon.
  2. You ______talk to your daughter about her future.
  3. You ______ have a visa to travel to some countries.
  4. You ______ stop smoking. It is bad for your health.
  5. I ______make sure cargoes reach their destination.
  6. However cold it ______ be, we’ll go skiing.
  7. People ______ take care of future.

Упражнение 8. Вставьте подходящий модальный глагол (must / could / ought / may)

  1. ______ Einstein speak English when he went to live in the USA?
  2. Mary ______swim when she was three.
  3. You ______be joking. No one buys two Rolls Royces.
  4. They ______be tired. They’ve been travelling all night.
  5. He ______to go to the dentist because he has toothache.
  6. I ______ swim quite well when I was five years old.
  7. ______ I ride your bicycle, please, Jane?
  8. She ______be Scottish with a surname like McKenzie.
  9. At your age you ______ to be earning your living.
  10. You ______to feel some respect for your elders.

Модальные глаголы: упражнения 8 класс

Упражнение 9. Вставьте подходящий модальный глагол (must / may / need)

  1. ______ I invite Nick to our house?
  2. It _____rain soon.
  3. You ______not make notes in the books.
  4. You ______pay your bills in restaurants.
  5. The baby is sleeping. You ______not shout.
  6. That diamond bracelet is very elegant but it ______have cost a fortune.
  7. You ______not say anything if you don’t want to.
  8. I can hear you quite well. You ______not shout.
  9. He has left the army and doesn’t ______to wear a uniform any more.
  10. I’ve bought everything, so you ______not go shopping.
  11. Tim gave me a letter to post. I ______not forget to post it.
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Упражнение 10. Complete the sentences with the positive or negative forms of must or have to.

  1. Brilliant! I ___________________ study tonight because I’ve finished my exams.
  2. You ___________________ use a mobile phone on a plane.
  3. You can go out, but you ___________________ be home by midnight.
  4. Jo _______________________ go to school by bus. She lives nearby.
  5. We _____________________ cook tonight. We can get a pizza.
  6. She _____________________ get up early. She’s on holiday.
  7. You ____________________ study harder or you are going to fail.
  8. You _____________________drive faster than 120 km/h on the motorway.

Упражнение 11. Choose the correct modal verb in italics:

  1. I can / can’t / might go out tonight. I’m too busy.
  2. I haven’t studied enough. I may / may not / might pass my exams.
  3. They say it must/ need / might snow tomorrow.
  4. She can /might not / won’t be able to help us. She’s not available.
  5. Can / May / Might you come to my party?
  6. We should run or we can / might / might not miss the bus.

Модальные глаголы: упражнения 9 класс

Упражнение 12. Complete the sentences with the correct modal verb in italics:

  1. You couldn’t / mustn’t / shouldn’t eat so many hamburgers. They’re not good for you.
  2. You can’t have / don’t have to /mustn’t study at the weekends, except when you have exams.
  3. You may not / might not /needn’t Everything will be OK.
  4. You don’t have to /might not/mustn’t use your mobile phone in class.
  5. Diana looks happy. She can /can have /must have heard some good news.
  6. I can’t /may not /might not have left my mobile phone at school on Friday afternoon – I had it on Friday night.
  7. It can /could / couldn’t rain tomorrow.

Упражнение 13. Вставьте подходящий модальный глагол (must / can / should / may)

  1. I have some free time. I ______ help her now.
  2. I ______ drive Susan’s car when she is out of town.
  3. ______ I have a glass of water?
  4. Anyone ______ become rich and famous if they know the right people.
  5. You ______ go to this party. It’s very important.
  6. Bird ______ be known by its song.
  7. He is coming here so that they ______ discuss it without delay.
  8. It’s late. You ______ go to bed.
  9. He ______ have told me about it himself.

Упражнение 14. Rewrite the sentences using modal verbs

1. — Some people just don’t know how to sing. (be able to)

2. — There’s a chance that she’s in the airport. (could)

3. — I knew how to ride a horse when I was six. (could)

4. — John isn’t sure if he is going to Turkey. (might not)

5. — Do not block the emergency exit. (mustn’t)

6. — It is dangerous to use mobile phones on the plane. (mustn’t)

7. — It is necessary to fasten your seat belt for landing and taking off. (must)

8. -It’s possible that he’ll be there to meet us. (may)

9. — This is a surprise. Don’t tell anybody about it. (shouldn’t)

Упражнение 15. Complete the sentences with a suitable modal verb. Use must, don’t have to, might, should, must have, mustn’t, can’t have and shouldn’t.

  1. You ____________________ drive on the pavement. It’s illegal.
  2. You ____________________ say that. It’s not nice.
  3. I ______________________ go to work tomorrow because it’s a public holiday.
  4. I ______________________ buy this CD, but I’m not sure.
  5. He’s not here. He _____________________ gone out.
  6. She didn’t study enough. She _____________________ passed her exam.
  7. You ____________________ eat more vegetables. They’re good for you.
  8. You ____________________ be 18 before you can buy alcohol.

Упражнение 16. Write the sentences again without changing the meaning. Use one of the modal verbs in brackets.

  1. It’s possible Mary saw him. (must / may / can)
  1. I am certain Peter has got lost. (should / could / must)
  1. My advice is that you stop. (should / must / could)
  1. Perhaps we went to London. (must / can / might)
  1. I am sure Pierre is French. (can / must / could)
  1. It’s not possible that Peter kissed Helen. (might not / can’t / should )

Ответы к упражнениям на модальные глаголы.

6 КЛАСС

Exercise 1.

1 can, 2 may/may, 3 can, 4 can, 5 may, 6 can, 7 can, 8 can, 9 can, 10 may, 11 may, 12 can

Exercise 2.

1 must, 2 don’t have to, 3 mustn’t, 4 must, 5 mustn’t, 6 don’t have to, 7 must, 8 don’t have to, 9 must, 10 mustn’t, 11 don’t have to

Exercise 3.

1 needn’t, 2 needn’t, 3 needn’t, 4 mustn’t, 5 needn’t, 6 mustn’t, 7 mustn’t, 8 mustn’t, 9 needn’t, 10 mustn’t, 11 needn’t

Exercise 4.

1 must, 2 must, 3 need, 4 need, 5 need, 6 can, 7 must, 8 can, 9 must, 10 can

7 КЛАСС

Exercise 5.

1 must, 2 shouldn’t, 3 don’t have to, 4 needn’t, 5 mustn’t, 6 don’t have to, 7 must

Exercise 6.

1 must, 2 can, 3 may, 4 can, 5 may/can, 6 must

Exercise 7.

1 may, 2 must, 3 must, 4 must, 5 must, 6 may, 7 must

Exercise 8.

1 Could, 2 could, 3 must, 4 must, 5 ought, 6 could, 7 may, 8 must, 9 ought, 10 ought

8 КЛАСС

Exercise 9.

1 May, 2 may, 3 must, 4 must, 5 must/may, 6 must, 7 may, 8 need, 9 need, 10 need, 11 must

Exercise 10.

1 don’t have to, 2 mustn’t, 3 must, 4 doesn’t have to, 5 don’t have to, 6 doesn’t have to, 7 must, 8 mustn’t

Exercise 11.

1 can’t, 2 may not, 3 might, 4 won’t be able, 5 can, 6 can

9 КЛАСС

Exercise 12.

1 shouldn’t, 2 don’t have to, 3 needn’t, 4 mustn’t, 5 must have, 6 can’t, 7 can

Exercise 13.

1 can, 2 may, 3 May, 4 can, 5 must, 6 may, 7 can, 8 should, 9 should

Exercise 14.

  1. Some people are not able to sing.
  2. She could be in the airport.
  3. I could ride a horse when I was six.
  4. John might not go to Turkey.
  5. You mustn’t block the emergency exit.
  6. You mustn’t use mobile phones on the plane.
  7. You must fasten your seat belt for landing and taking off
  8. He may be there to meet us. / Нe may meet us.
  9. This is a surprise. You shouldn’t tell anybody about it.

Exercise 15.

1 mustn’t, 2 mustn’t / shouldn’t, 3 don’t have to/needn’t, 4 might, 5 must have, 6 can’t have, 7 should, 8 must

Exercise 16.

  1. Mary can /may have seen him.
  2. Peter must have got lost.
  3. You should stop.
  4. We can go to London.
  5. Pierre must be French
  6. Peter can’t have kissed Helen.

Надеюсь, вам понравились эти упражнения на модальные глаголы.

Понравилось? Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

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