упражнения на модальный глагол can might

Модальные глаголы must, can, may, need, should и их эквиваленты. Упражнения (intermediate)

Итак, вы уже знаете английские модальные глаголы (уровень beginner). В этом уроке мы подробно разберем еще один важный момент. Как известно, модальные глаголы — это особые глаголы и они не изменяются по временам. Вместо них это делают их эквиваленты.

  • must = have to
  • can = be able to
  • may = be allowed to

Чтобы понять, как работают эквиваленты модальных глаголов в разных временах, надо выполнить упражнения на модальные глаголы (уровень intermediate).

Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты в английском языке. Упражнения

I. Модальный глагол MUST (have to)

Упражнение 1. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. You must work hard on your English.
  2. You must learn the words.
  3. You must not talk at the lessons.
  4. You must not be late.
  5. Must I learn this poem by heart? (чаще Shall I learn this poem by heart?)
  6. It must be cold outside.*
  7. She must be very hungry.*

Упражнение 2. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. I have to work late today.
  2. She had to stay at home because she did not feel well.
  3. Peter will have to stay at home because it will be very cold.
  4. Mike had to write this exercise at school because he had not done it at home.
  5. They had to call the doctor because the grandmother had fallen ill.
  6. Why did you have to stay at home yesterday? — Because my parents were not at home and I had to look after my little sister.
  7. It is Sunday tomorrow, so he won’t have to go at work, but he will have to do a lot at home.
  8. I haven’t written my essay, so I will have to write it on Sunday.
  9. Why do you have to get up early every day?
  10. Will you have to get up early tomorrow?

Упражнение 3. Перепишите каждое предложение дважды:в прошедшем и в будущем времени. Заменяйте модальный глагол must его эквивалентом.

  1. You must read the text several times.
  2. The doctor must examine the child.
  3. You must take part in the work.
  4. She must go if she doesn’t want to be late.
  5. They must get ready for exams.
  6. He must do it on time.
  7. I must ask my parents.

II. Модальный глагол CAN (be able to)

Упражнение 4. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. The child can swim.
  2. She can speak French.
  3. Can you help me in the garden?
  4. Can you wait till tomorrow morning?
  5. I cannot dance.
  6. My little sister cannot walk.
  7. You can’t do this.
  8. You can’t smoke in public places.

Упражнение 5. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. I am able to do it.
  2. She will be able to get to the airport in time.
  3. He was able to swim across the river.
  4. They were able to finish the work on time.
  5. Will you be able to help me about the house?
  6. He isn’t able to buy a new car.
  7. They won’t be able to arrange everything by themselves.

Упражнение 6. Напишите форму модального глагола CAN или его эквивалента в зависимости от времени.

  1. I ________ swim when I was four.
  2. Now I _______use a computer very well.
  3. I __________to play the piano when I was seven.
  4. I __________to drive a car next year.
  5. Now I _________not drive a car.

Упражнение 7. Напишите форму модального глагола CAN или его эквивалента в предложении в зависимости от времени.

  1. He _______ not speak English when he was four.
  2. He _____not speak English very well now.
  3. I am afraid he __________(not) to go to England next year.
  4. She ______(not) to sing now. She feels bad.
  5. I hope she __________ to sing tomorrow when she is better.

Упражнение 8. Вставьте в предложения формы модального глагола can или его эквивалент be able to в зависимости от времени глагола.

  1. What is your favourite sport? — Swimming. I ______swim when I was four.
  2. Do you like Maths? — Maths is my worst subject. I ________to do sums.
  3. I need your help with English. — Ok, ______you _________to come to my place tomorrow?
  4. Why did you buy a new computer? — The old computer was very slow. I _________play games on it.
  5. I think the box is heavy. — No, it’s OK. I _____ carry it.
  6. Did you go out on Saturday? — No, I didn’t. I ______go out because I was ill.
  7. They _______to speak English two years ago.
  8. Kate _________to come to the party tomorrow.
  9. He is lazy. I think he ______to get a good job.
  10. She didn’t study hard and ______to enter a university.

Упражнение 9. Вставьте формы модального глагола CAN или его эквиваленты.

These days many people _________ to buy computers. We ___________use them for work and play. In the past, nobody________beleive stories about robots and space travel, but now computers ___________to walk and talk. They _________to fly to the moon! They __________send messages, write music and speak different languages! In future, they _________to do many different things. Scientists __________to make robots like people but I don’t think computers ______ever _________ to feel emotions.

Упражнение 10. Перепишите следующие предложения с учетом предложений в скобках. Замените модальный глагол саn (could) выражением to be able to, где это нужно.

1. They can appreciate your kindness. – Они могут оценить твою доброту.

Они никогда не смогут оценить твою доброту. (never)

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2. He could translate that article. – Он мог перевести эту статью.

Он смог перевести эту статью после того, как он перевел столько текстов по данной тематике. (had translated so many texts on the subject).

3. You can go to the country. – Ты можешь поехать за город.

Ты сможешь поехать за город, когда сдашь экзамены. (when you have passed your exams).

4. We can go on to the next exercise. – Мы можем переходить к следующему упражнению.

Мы сможем перейти к следующему упражнению после того, как сделаем это. (when we have done this one).

5. I can give you my book for a couple of days. – Я могу дать тебе книгу на пару дней.

Я смогу дать тебе эту книгу на пару дней после того, как ее прочитаю. (after I have read it).

6. We knew that she could swim. – Мы знали, что она умеет плавать.

Мы знали, что она умела плавать с детства. (since childhood).

7. You cannot take part in this competition. – Ты не можешь принять участие в этом соревновании.
Ты не сможешь принять участие в этом соревновании, пока не овладеешь достаточными навыками. (until you have mastered good skills).

Упражнение 11. Посмотрите на знаки. Выберите правильный вариант.

Упражнение 12. Заполните пропуски. вставьте have to or can’t.

Нам часто приходится выполнять инструкции и подчиняться правилам, в этом случае мы говорим «приходится» и «не разрешено». Вот несколько правил поведения в общественных местах.

  1. In a plane you __________ use a mobile phone, you ___________wear a seat belt.
  2. At the cinema you ________smoke, you_____________ _switch off your mobile phone.
  3. In the library you _______ be quiet, you _________write in the books.
  4. In the hospital you ___________use a mobile, you ___________take medicine.
  5. At the petrol station you ____________light a cigarette, you ____________pay for the petrol.

III. Модальный глагол MAY (be allowed to)

Упражнение 13. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. May I invite Kate for dinner?
  2. May I go home?
  3. You may watch TV after you have done your homework.
  4. You may go for a walk after you have washed the dishes.
  5. Don’t go alone, you may lose your way.
  6. Don’t give the vase to the child, he may break it.
  7. It may be true.
  8. It may take a long time.

ПРИМЕР. May I buy an ice-cream? – The child asked his mother if he might buy an ice-cream.

Упражнение 14. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. I am allowed to stay late at night.
  2. He is allowed to invite his friends to his place.
  3. She isn’t allowed to come home late.
  4. They are allowed to have a disco party at school.
  5. They are allowed to wear casual clothes at the office.
  6. It is not allowed to park cars here.
  7. It is not allowed to turn left here.

Упражнение 15. Вставьте модальный глагол may (might) или выражение to be allowed to. Вставляйте to be allowed to только в тех случаях, где may (might) использовать нельзя.

2. As soon as the boy … leave the room, he ran out to join his friends outside.

3. The doctor says I am much better. I … get up for a few hours every day.

4. … I bring my sister to the party?

5. He asked if he … bring his sister to the party.

6. After the children had finished their homework, they … watch TV.

7. He … join the sports club as soon as he passes his medical examination (медицинский осмотр).

8. His mother said that everybody… take part in the picnic.

9. If you pass your exams, you … go to the south.

10. … you … to go out in the evening?

11. … I bor­row your car, please?

12. He asked if he … borrow my car.

13…. I have a look at your newspaper?

14. One day all his dreams … come true.

15. … Kate … to have a pet?

IV. Модальный глагол NEED

Упражнение 16. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. I need not go to work today.
  2. You need not translate this difficult text.
  3. You need not do everything by yourself.
  4. She need not buy bread.
  5. They need not wait for him.
  6. Need I cook the dinner? (достаточно редко употребляется, чаще)
  7. Shall I cook the dinner?

Упражнение 17. Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя модальный глагол need

ПРИМЕР. It is not necessary to go there. = You need not go there.

  1. It is not necessary to take a taxi.
  2. It is not necessary to buy the child everything he wants.
  3. It is not necessary to get up early on weekends.
  4. It is not necessary for you to be present at the meeting.
  5. It is not necessary for him to remind me about her birthday.
  6. It is not necessary for mother to cook a pie. We can buy a cake.
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V. Модальный глагол SHOULD

Упражнение 18. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. You should apologize if you are wrong.
  2. Parents should know how to encourage your child.
  3. She should pay attention to his words.
  4. He should play less and work more.
  5. Parents shouldn’t quarrel in the presence of their child.
  6. You shouldn’t drink cold milk if you are ill.
  7. They shouldn’t give their child everything he wants.

Упражнение 19. Дайте совет, используя модальный глагол should и фразы, данные в скобках.

ПРИМЕР. She doesn’t read very well. (to read aloud) — She should read aloud.

  1. This child doesn’t want to eat soup. (give her sweets before dinner)
  2. She has done a lot of spelling mistakes. (to rewrite the exercise again.)
  3. The dog is afraid of him. (not to shout at the dog)
  4. The students couldn’t understand what the teacher said in English. (not to speak so fast)
  5. The boy looks pale. (to play out of doors)
  6. I am afraid you will miss the last train. (to take a taxi)
  7. It is going to rain. (to take an umbrella with you)

Упражнение 20 (заключительное). Вставьте модальный глагол, исходя из контекста.

  1. Mum, ……..… I buy an ice-cream? (можно)
  2. You …..…. hear this music everywhere, it’s very popular. (можешь)
  3. What …..…. I do to help you? (могу)
  4. You …..…. not read in bed. (нельзя)
  5. You………..…. not worry. All is going to be fine. (не нужно)
  6. I think you ………….. buy this book. (следует)
  7. He ……………..give up smoking after a heart attack. (должен)

Вы выполнили упражнения на модальные глаголы MUST, CAN, MAY, NEED, SHOULD и их эквиваленты.


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Модальный глагол can, could, be able to. 14 упражнений с ответами

Сегодня мы поработаем над модальными глаголами и, в частности над глаголом can. Вначале мы рассмотрим употребление can и выполним can упражнения для детей, а затем перейдем к более сложным аспектам – употребление can и could для выражения вероятности, а также отработаем употребление конструкции be able to вместо can.

Can упражнения для детей. Can exercises.

Упражнение 1. Write in can or can’t.

  1. I _______ draw.
  2. I _______
  3. My friends_______ roller-skate.
  4. My granddad _______sing.
  5. I_______ ride a bike.
  6. My mum _______ski.
  7. My dad _______skate.
  8. My pet _______play football.

Упражнение 2. Answer the questions.

  1. Can you roller-skate?
  2. Can your mum dance tango?
  3. Can your dad draw very well?
  4. Can your friends play tennis?
  5. Can your granny speak English?
  6. Can you sing very well?

Упражнение 3 . Постарайся составить как можно больше вопросов. Три из них напиши.

play with these toys?

Упражнение 4. What can or can’t you do in these places? Make sentence. Use You can / You can’t

buy bread and cakes

Упражнения на can и could.

Помните, could – это прошедшее время от can!

Упражнение 5. Underline the correct option.

  1. Can/Could Sally learn a long poem by heart when she was four?
  2. When Mrs. Rover was a teenager she couldn’t/can’t play the piano.
  3. John says he could/can speak French perfectly well.
  4. What can/could Melody do when she was nine?
  5. Yesterday Molly couldn’t/can’t borrow a book from the local library because she hadn’t returned another one.
  6. Rita said she couldn’t/can’t learn that because she was busy.

Упражнение 6. Fill in can / can’t/ could/ couldn’t.

1) You don’t need to shout. I ______ hear you perfectly well. 2) We______ go to safari because the trip was too expensive. 3) He eats in restaurants because he ______ cook. 4) I had an aisle seat on the plane, so I ______see the landscape below. 5) When we used to live in China, I______ speak some Chinese, but now I______ say a word. 6) ______ you play the piano at the age of six? 7) He______ speak English so fast that I______understand him (now). 8) I’m afraid, Nickolas ______talk to you now. He has to arrive at school in time. 9) I______get a good mark in Literature because I didn’t know the theme. 10) I______retell my friend the whole story because I had read it.

Упражнение 7. Put the words in the correct order to make sentences.

  1. Mark / seven / by / could / speak / foreign / of / age / fifteen / languages / well / the / perfectly.
  2. phone / use /mobile / a / you / when / you / were / four / Could?
  3. my / girl / mum / swim / was / little / a / well / When / she / could.
  4. age / the / is / three / Nobody / to / climb / trees / at / of / able.

Упражнения на can, could и be able to.

Упражнение 8 . Вставьте will be able или won’t be able + to

  1. When her sight is better, Melody ________ play the guitar again.
  2. Max _________ eat sugar when the GP allows him.
  3. The couple _________ catch the morning bus if they don’t get up much earlier.
  4. Sally _________ go out to discos until she is 16.
  5. Andy _________ hear better if he sits in the front row.

A) can B) could D) couldn’t E) be able to C) can’t

  1. Mark stepped aside so that Molly _________ go in.
  2. Peter and Greg ________ catch fish as they had fish hooks.
  3. Sandy used to _________ speak Norwegian well.
  4. Megan ________lie comfortably as the raft was small.
  5. Meredith _________ wash her hair as she hadn’t bought shampoo.
  6. Mary _________ stop crying then.
  7. When Megan was an infant, she_________only cry.
  8. In a year, Melody will_________ speak Chinese.
  9. The information _________ be true! I don’t believe Nickolas.
  10. Jane ________read any of the books she’d borrowed from Greg.
  11. Melody’s brother__________ understand her ambitions.
  12. Why don’t you ask Sally? Sally might _________ help you.
  13. Benny ________walk because of sharp pain in his left foot, that’s why he got a taxi.
  14. Bob wasn’t ________ make his decision yesterday.
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Упражнение 10. Вставьте can, could, be able to в нужной форме.

  1. Michael __________now speak Norwegian rather fluently.
  2. Michael used to _________ speak Norwegian rather fluently.
  3. Nick __________marry Lisa, but he__________make her love him.
  4. Sally used to__________eat a kilo of chocolate for lunch.
  5. Megan’d like to __________ surf very well.
  6. Luckily Melody __________find a taxi.
  7. Jillian __________drive when she was 12.
  8. Megan sighed. Fred __________ feel her hands shaking.
  9. The secretary ________ to type 150 words a minute.
  10. Children ________ enter this territory. It’s highly dangerous!

Упражнение 11. Translate the words in brackets. Используйте can или be able в нужной форме.

  1. Children (нельзя) discuss such things.
  2. Certainly, Nick (мог) translate that article.
  3. (мог бы) Nick show me that? (polite)
  4. Molly (не могла) wait for us.
  5. You (можете) get there in 10 minutes.
  6. The swimmer (смог) reach the sea shore.
  7. Steven (мог) work fifteen hours a day before his illness

Упражнения на can / could + нужная форма инфинитива.

Упражнение 12. Find the right option.

  1. Seventeen people looked at each other and no one _________ words to say.
  2. a) could have found b) could find
  3. The wind was still blowing but Philip _____________ no sound of rain.
  4. a) could have heard b) could hear
  5. The police were quite sure that nobody __________ house before they got there.
  6. a) could leave b) could have left
  7. We ______________ anything definite out of their neighbors.
  8. a) couldn’t get b) couldn’t have got

Упражнение 13 . Вставьте could + нужную форму инфинитива.

  1. If Greg had prepared all the documents, he _____________ (get) a credit.
  2. Greg ___________ (be) there tomorrow.
  3. Greg ____________ (be) there yesterday.
  4. If Molly had told us about her delay, we _________ (cancel) the meeting.
  5. Yesterday Greg _________ (crash).

Can / could для выражения вероятности.

Упражнение 14. Выразите сомнения при помощи can/could.

  1. Едва ли Салли была дома.
  2. Возможно, он навестит бывшую жену, когда приедет в Сочи.
  3. Разве Николас мог такое сказать?
  4. Разве Катерина отказалась ехать с тобой?
  5. Василий мог бы заехать завтра.
  6. Салли не могла так быстро прочесть роман.
  7. Не может быть, что Грег попал в аварию.

Ответы к упражнениям.

Exercises 1 – 4 – your own answers.

1 -> Could, 2 -> couldn’t, 3 -> can, 4 -> could, 5 -> couldn’t, 6 -> couldn’t

1 -> can, 2 -> couldn’t, 3 -> can’t 4 ->couldn’t, 5 -> could / can’t, 6 -> Could, 7 -> can / can’t, 8 -> can’t, 9 couldn’t, 10 ->could

1, 2, 5 -> will be able + to,

3, 4 -> won’t be able + to,

1b, 2b, 3e, 4d, 5d, 6d, 7b, 8e, 9c, 10a или 10с, 11d или 11с, 12e, 13d, 14e

1 can, 2 be able to, 3 can / can’t, 4 be able to, 5 be able to, 6 was able to, 7 could, 8 could, 9 is able, 10 can’t

Could have got / could be / could have been или could be / could have cancelled / could have crached

  1. Sally can’t или couldn’t + have been at home.
    2. He can visit his ex-wife when he comes to Sochi.
    3. Can / could Nicholas have said this?
    4. Can / could Katerina have refused to go with you?
    5. Basil could come tomorrow.
    6. Sally could not have read the novel so fast.
    7. Greg can’t have had a car accident.

Надеюсь, предложенные can exercises были полезными и интересными.

Также на сайте Grammar-tei.com Вы можете найти хорошие упражнения на модальный глагол must и на модальный глагол may.

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1 Комментарий для «Модальный глагол can, could, be able to. 14 упражнений с ответами»

А разве в 9 упражнении в 10 задании можно поставить CAN, если после него идет TO ?