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переводные упражнения going to или will

Future Simple or be going to? Упражнения

Мы уже много говорили о структуре be going to, выполняли упражнения на отработку, а сегодня попрактикуемся в использовании be going to и Simple Future. В конце списка упражнений Вы найдете ответы для самоконтроля. Возможно, Вам также пригодится статья Способы выражения будущего времени в английском языке.

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, используя Future Simple или be going to to. Choose between Future Simple and be going to to complete the conversation.

— Can I speak to Fiona, please?

— Speaking. Is that you, Pat?

— It’s me. Hi. What you ______________ (1 – do) tonight?

— I don’t know yet. I think, I _____________ (2 — read) the book Nora gave me yesterday.

— How about going to the cinema?

— Sounds good, but I’m looking after my little brother after eight, because my parents are going to their friend’s birthday party.

— Poor you. Your brother is so naughty sometimes!

— But I love him. He’s so funny! I think, he _______________ (3 — be) a good clown. He says he ______________ (4 — be) a pilot, nothing else. Well, what ______________ (5 — do) you tonight?

— I don’t know either. I wanted to go somewhere nice with you, but you are baby-sitting tonight, so I __________ (6 — help) you to baby-sit, if you don’t mind.

—Of course, I don’t. Come along and we___________ (7 — have) a nice cup of tea and _________ (8—play) with my brother.

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, используя Future Simple или be going to to. Choose between Future Simple and be going to.

  1. She is sure that he ___________ (not/manage) to catch the train.
  2. Next year we _______________ (travel) together around Europe.
  3. The athletes soon _________ (return) from the competition.
  4. His parents think Jim __________ (become) a doctor one day.
  5. They have bought new sports shoes. They ___________ (start) running next week.
  6. It’s getting dark. I ___________ (turn) on the light.
  7. They __________ (be) eighteen next month.
  8. Scientists for sure _________ (find) a cure for this disease.

Упражнение 3. Соотнесите предложения с правилами использования will или be going to.

  1. I’m going shopping now. OK, I’ll come with you.
  2. Many people think life will be easier in the future.
  3. It’s six o’clock now. It’s going to be dark soon.
  4. We’re going to watch a football match tomorrow.

a) a general prediction about the future

b) an instant decision

c) a plan or intention

d) a prediction about the future based on present evidence.

Упражнение 4. Подчеркните верный вариант. Choose and underline the correct form of the verb.

В: I’m going to / I’ll open the window.

A: Do you want tea or coffee?

В: I’m going to / I’II have coffee, please.

A: What are you going to / will you do next weekend?

A: The phone’s ringing. Shall I answer it?

В: It’s going to / It’II be Janet for me. Don’t get up.

A: I’m going to / I ‘II see a film at two o’clock.

В: I’m going to / I’II come with you.

4) Robots are going to / will do everything for us in the future.

B: The oven is hot now. Dinner will be / is going to be ready in twenty minutes

Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки, используя Future Simple или be going to. Choose between Future Simple and be going to.

Becky: What _________ (1 you do) this weekend?

Liam: I _________ (2 help) my dad on Saturday. What about you?

Becky: Well, I _________ (3 not help) my dad! My grandparents live in Wales. I _________ (4 visit) them.

Liam: That sounds great! Have you got any plans for Sunday?

Becky: I _________ (5 play) volleyball on Sunday at three o’clock. I play for a team. We’ve got some good players. I think we _________ (6 win). Would you like to come and watch?

Liam: OK, great idea! I _________ (7 see) you at the sports centre at three.

Helen: I _________ (8 go) to the shops this afternoon with my mum.

Mark: Oh, really? (9 you buy) _________ a birthday present for Jackie?

Helen: Yes, I am. I _________ (10 look) for a new skirt for her party too.

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Mark: Mmm. I’d like to go shopping. Can I come with you?

Helen: Of course! I _________ (11 ask) my mum.

Упражнение 6. Complete the conversation. Use ‘m going to, ‘re going to, ‘ll or won’t.

A: (1) I ___________ play tennis this afternoon.

В: Great! (2) I ___________ come with you.

A: But you haven’t got a tennis racket.

В: (3) I ___________ borrow my brother’s racket.

A: And you don’t know how to play tennis.

В: (4) I ___________ practise first.

A: But (5) I ___________ play with Phil and after the match (6) we ___________ have lunch with his parents.

В: Oh! Well, then (7) I ___________ come with you. (8) I ___________ do my homework.

Упражнение 7. Complete the conversation. Use the correct form of will or going to.

Tom: (1 you watch) ____________TV tonight?

Ann: No. I’ve just bought some new CDs. I _______________ (2 listen) to them. What about you?

Tom: I ___________ (3 watch) the new Brad Pitt film. It’s on at 7.30.

Ann: Oh, really? I didn’t know about that. I think I _____________ (4 watch) it, too. I _____________ (5 listen) to my CDs tomorrow.

Tom: Let’s watch the film together. I_______________ (6 buy) some drinks and snacks.

Ann: Oh, thanks. That’s a great idea.

Упражнение 8. Use the correct form of will or going to.

  1. My friend is travelling to the airport. She ‘ll /’s going to catch a plane.
  2. In the future we won’t travel by plane. We’re going to / ‘ll travel by spaceship.
  3. It’s raining outside so we ‘ll / ‘re going to get wet.
  4. In 2050 every person in the world will/ is going to have a mobile phone.
  5. We’re going to / ‘ll discover life on other planets in the future.

Упражнение 9. Choose the correct form of will or going to.

  1. My dad’s got a new job in London. We’ll / ‘re going to move there in July.
  2. I’ll / I’m going to visit France next month Mum’s already bought our tickets.
  3. ‘It’s hot in here!’ ‘ I’ll / I’m going to open the window.’
  4. They booked their summer holiday last week. They will / ‘re going to stay with their uncle.
  5. ‘It’s a secret.’ ‘OK. I won’t / ‘m not going to tell anyone.’
  6. ‘Would you like cola or orange juice?’ ‘I ‘ll / ‘m going to have cola, please.’

Упражнение 10. Choose the correct form of will or going to.

Pete: What (1 you do) ______________ this weekend?

Sara: I (2 go) _____________ to Paul’s house on Saturday to watch a video. What about you?

Pete: Well, I (3 not go) ______________ to Paul’s house because it’s my mum’s birthday. But I (4 play) __________ football on Sunday morning.

Sara: Oh really? I (5 come) ______________ and watch!

Pete: OK. I (6 see) ____________ you there.

Will: I think I (7 go) ___________ swimming. Do you want to come?

Sue: I can’t. I (8 visit) ______________ my grandparents. What (9 you do) ___________ tomorrow?

Will: I (10 see) ___________ a film with Andy and Jill. Do you want to come too?

Sue: Yes, great! I (11 meet) _____________ you outside the cinema.

Упражнение 11. Choose the correct answer.

1 Don t touch that dog. It’s going to bite / It’ll bite you.

2 I’m going out for a walk now.

-Oh, is it? Well, I’m going/ I’ll go out later.

3 Why don’t you change your hair style? You’re going to look / You ‘ll look much better.

4 Why do you want to sell your flat?

— I’ll move / I’m going to move to Madrid.

Упражнение 12. Сделайте предложения вопросительными и отрицательными. Make the sentences into negatives and questions.

You’ll be at home tonight.

I’m going to see you tomorrow.

It’ll rain tomorrow.

She’s going to be late tonight.

Упражнение 13. Исправьте ошибки в предложениях, если таковые имеются.

  1. What are you going to doing in Summer?
  2. Jane shall travel to Italy.
  3. Ted and Bob is going to go camping.
  4. My grandparents are going to visit Scotland.
  5. Our teacher will swim in the sea yesterday.
  6. The boy will have a lot of fun next Sunday, will not he?
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Ответы:

1 are you going to do, 2 will read, 3 will be, 4 will be, 5 are you going to do, 6 will help, 7 will have, 8 (will) play

1 won’t manage, 2 are going to travel, 3 will soon return, 4 will become, 5 are going to start running, 6 will turn, 7 will be, 8 will find

1- b, 2 — a, 3 — d, 4 – c.

1 I’ll open / I’ll have / are you going to

3 I’m going to / I’ll come

1 are you going to do, 2 am going to help, 3 am not going to help, 4 am going to visit. 5 am going to play, 6 will win, 7 will see, 8 am going, 9 Are you going to buy, 10 am going to look , 11 will ask

1 ‘m going to, 2 ‘ll, 3 ‘ll, 4 will, 5 ‘m going to, 6 ‘re going to, 7 won’t, 8 ‘ll

1 are you going to watch, 2 am going to listen, 3 am going to watch, 4 will watch, 5 will listen, 6 will buy

1. ‘s going to, 2 ‘ll travel, 3 ‘re going to, 4 will, 5 ‘ll

1 ‘re going to move, 2 I’m going to, 3 I’ll, 4 ‘re going to, 5 won’t, 6 ‘ll

1 are you going to do, 2 am going, 3 am not going, 4 am going to play, 5 I’ll come, 6 ‘ll see, 7 will go, 8 am going to visit, 9 are you going to do, 10 am going to see, 11 will meet

1. It’ll bite, 2 I’ll go, 3 You ‘ll look, 4 I’m going to move

1 to doing -> to do, 2 shall travel -> is going to travel, 3 is going -> are going, 4 correct, 5 yesterday -> tomorrow, 6 will not he ->won’t he.

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5 Комментариев для «Future Simple or be going to? Упражнения»

Почему в первом упражнении в 4 используется will, тогда как там говорится о личном намерении человека? Не says he is going to be a pilot.

Еще вопрос. В 6 упражнении в 4 предложении решение принимается во время разговора, следовательно требуется will, но употреблен оборот be going to. Не уместнее ли будет так? I will practise first.

Упражнение 10. Во втором по ответам должен быть употреблен оборот be going to, но так как основной глагол там go, «I am going to go» будет некорректно. Тоже самое касательно 3 предложения того же упражнения.

I’m going to go -верная форма. С чего вы решили, что она не корректна? be going to- стандартная конструкция. Глагол может добавляться любой к ней.

Добрый день. Не says he is going to be a pilot — нормально, как и will be (которое дается в ответах к упражнению в книге). Согласна с Вами, что больше похоже на личное намерении, нежели на предсказание будущего.

Согласна и по поводу 6.

В 10 упражнении вы не поняли ключи. Нужно не I am going to go а просто I am going (как и написано в ключах)

I’m going to go верная форма

Elle, Вы не правы.Никто не говорит I am going to go, ибо достаточно просто I’m going

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13 – 15 октября 2020г 19:00 (МСК)

I. Используйте will или be going to . Иногда возможен больше, чем один правильный ответ.

Look out! We _____________ crash!

«There’s the doorbell.» «I ______________ go.»

We promise that if you vote for us we ______________ double your income in twelve months.

«It’s very cloudy, isn’t it?» «Yes, I think it ________________ rain.»

The next train to arrive at platform six _______________ be the delayed 7.32 service for Bristol.

I wonder what she __________________ do next.

«Can somebody answer the phone?» «I _____________________.»

A Poor Sue went to hospital yesterday.

II. Закончите следующие предложения, используя will или be going to и любые другие необходимые слова. Иногда возможны оба варианта .

1. A I’ve got to phone a Paris number. Do you know the code?

B No, _________________ in the directory for you.

2. A What are you doing over the Easter holidays?

B Absolutely nothing. We _________________ rest.

3. A Did you hear the weather forecast?

B Yes. _____________ cold at first, then _____________ a little warmer this afternoon, and this evening _________________ some light showers.

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4. A Why did you buy a house in such terrible condition?

B It was cheap. We _______________ modernize it from top to bottom, and we _____________ into a restaurant. What do you think?

5. A If you are elected, what ________ your party ______ about unemployment?

B We have carefully considered this issue. When we are elected, as we most certainly ________ be, we __________ create half a million new jobs.

6. A What are you doing here? Annie’s expecting you for lunch.

B I completely forgot! I__________ a ring, and tell her I ____________ be late. Thanks for reminding me.

7. A How will the proposed tax increase on petrol affect your business?

B To be perfectly honest, we haven’t thought about it yet. We ____________ cross that bridge when we get to it.

III. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму будущего времени.

Пример : Hurry up! The plane arrives (arrive) at 7.30.

There’s no point in running now. We ________ (miss) the bus anyway.

Yes, I’ll come out this evening. I _______________(not/work).

You can relax. The match ______________ (not/start) until four o’clock.

I __________ (go) to the market this afternoon. Do you want anything?

Are you OK, Donna? You look like you ________________(faint).

You realise that the boss _______________ (not/like) this, don’t you?

I ________________ (cook) dinner this evening — as usual.

She _______________ (look) for a new flat next year.

Don’t worry. The shops _________ (not close) until eight o’clock tonight.

Источник

Will и to be going to: учимся подставлять правильные варианты

Выбор между will и to be going to — сложная задача, так как здесь нет точного правила и все происходит больше по ощущениям. Поэтому часто в одной фразе может употребляться как will, так и to be going to.

В целом, можно сказать, что различие заключается в намерении человека что-то сделать: он собирается что-то сделать, но еще не решил до конца (то есть событие может наступит, а может и нет) и он предсказывает, что что-то сделает.

Иногда to be going to и will идут друг за другом, где первое подчеркивает намерение, а второе — перечисляет детали или комментирует их:

We are going to have dinner this Sunday. There`ll be five of us. — Мы устраиваем обед в это воскресенье. Нас будет пятеро.
Oh, that`ll be nice. — Это будет славно.

Но есть и другой способ, менее привычный для нас: to be going to показывает предопределенность событий, в то время как will просто констатирует факт.

Look at these clouds. it`s going to rain soon. — Посмотри на эти облака. Скоро будет дождь (а может и не будет).

Be careful! You are going to break the chair! — Осторожно! Ты сломаешь этот стул (а может не сломает).

She is going to have a baby in May. — Она в мае будет рожать (а может и в апреле).

Все эти примеры предопределяют результат: тучи — дождь, беременность — роды. Но никто не говорит, что события случатся со 100% вероятностью.

Однако есть один немаловажный факт — если событие спланировано заранее, то употребляется to be going to . Если оно спонтанное — употребляется will .

I left my wallet at home. — Я оставил свой кошелёк дома.
Don`t worry. I`ll lent you $20. — Не переживай, я одолжу тебе 20 долларов (спонтанное решение)

I`m going to lend you the money. Do you still need it? — Я собирался одолжить тебе денег. Они тебе все еще нужны. (спланированное действие).

Помимо всего вышесказанного, есть типичные фразы, после которых всегда идет will: to think, to be sure, to expect.

I think I`ll see her tomorrow . — Я думаю, я завтра увижу её.
I`m sure everything will be all right. — Я уверен, все будет хорошо.

Если же действие или событие вот-вот произойдет, то в таком случае употребляют to be about :

The lesson is about to start — урок вот-вот начнется.
The train is about to leave . — Поезд сейчас уедет.

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